Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Odyssey By William Shakespeare - 1458 Words

Robert A. Heinlein once said, â€Å"Yield to temptation, it may not pass your way again† which is similar to Odysseus’ motto in The Odyssey. Odysseus is constantly dealing with obstacles that have been set in place by the Gods. Mainly the obstacle involves a woman being a temptress in order to detour Odysseus from his journey home to Ithaca. Eventually, Odysseus resists the seductresses in order to continue his journey home to Ithaca so he can finally see his wife Penelope. In The Odyssey women have a narrow, but significant role similar to their role in ancient Greece. Every time there is temptation present Odysseus yields, especially when the seductress is desirable, showing that he wants to yield to the woman who are tempting him with sex,†¦show more content†¦However, a majority of Homer s audience would know that the real reason Helen was the cause of the Trojan war is because she has an affair with Paris. After Paris captured Helen and brought her back to Troy, Helen fell in love with Paris. This abduction of Helen ignited the start of the Trojan war. In the epic, Helen is described as being as â€Å"striking as Artemis with her golden shafts† (Od. 4.136) and is very hospitable towards Telemachus. Helens beauty as well as her affair with Paris have deemed her to be a seductress. Helen’s role as a temptress is crucial, because she is the reason why Odysseus left Ithaca to fight in the Trojan war. Menelaus reminisces about the Trojan Horse and mentions Helen being the â€Å"voice of all our long-lost wives† (Od. 4.313) since she was imitating the voices of Greek soldiers’ wives. Helen did not intentionally try to keep Odysseus away from Ithaca, but she catalyzed the events that caused Odysseus to stay away for ten years. Helen being a temptress is vital, because she is the reason that Odysseus is on his quest to return home. A similar temptress to Calypso, in The Odyssey, is Circe. Circe is also described as a â€Å"lustrous goddess† with a â€Å"spellbinding voice† (Od. 10.243). These characteristics make it easy for Circe to bewitch Odysseus’ men, however Odysseus escapes the trap. Odysseus â€Å"mounted [mounts] Circe’s gorgeous bed† to save his men similar to how he sleeps with Calypso, during his stay with her (Od. 10.386). Circe does notShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Odyssey 1368 Words   |  6 Pagesof xenia in The Odyssey William Shakespeare, in Timon Of Athens Act III Scene line 39 writes : I charge thee, invite them all: let in the tide of knaves once more; my cook and I ll provide† Shakespeare is explaining to his readers that he will invite everyone in and he will cook for them meaning that he will provide everything to his guests. Similarly, in The Odyssey Odysseus without knowing it is providing for all the suitors with a home and food for endless days. The Odyssey has many differentRead MoreThe Muses in Greek Mythology and Art1643 Words   |  7 PagesOn display in the Lourve museum in Paris, France there is an ancient Greek vase depicting either Terpsichore or Eroato â€Å"Muse with lyre†, c.400 B.C.. Also, The Muses Urania and Calliope by Simon Vouet, in which she is holding a copy of Homer’s Odyssey. An extraordinary example of art depicting the Muses is the Archelaos Relief: â€Å"Apotheosis of Homer, a relief sculpture which some scholars have estimated to have been created around 250 B.C. depicts all the Muses, Zeus, Mnemosyne, Apollo, as wellRead MoreEssay on Patriarchy in Hamlet1721 Words   |  7 PagesPatriarchy in Hamlet  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚   William Shakespeare’s Hamlet employs the concept of patriarchy in several scenarios and each on different levels. These levels of patriarchy, if even for the same character, vary in their role in the play. Three patriarchal characters are easily identified: the ghost of Hamlet’s father, the king Claudius, and the lord chamberlain Polonius. Despite their variances each patriarchy displays values and actions which are key factors in bringing about the cataclysmic endingRead MoreThe Renaissance And Romanticism During The 19th Century1245 Words   |  5 Pagesbelieved they were making a leap towards perfection(†¦). This idea of perfection came from the Greek search for excellence (page 4, PDF). Some major figures in British literature during this time period were William Shakespeare, John Milton, John Donne, and Ben Johnson(†¦). William Shakespeare had a large influence on literature(†¦). He was considered one of the greatest and most famous poets of his time(†¦). John Milton was a major figure during the Renaissance(†¦). He was also considered one ofRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1279 Words   |  6 PagesMonumental Texts (An Analysis of the Three Most Important Texts Studied This Semester) Literature affects every aspect of our lives. The great, classic writers teach timeless, valuable life skills. Shakespeare was the greatest writer of all time. His writings mainly consisted of dramas and sonnets. Romeo and Juliet, as well as, A MIdsummer Night’s Dream were written about the same time period. He was able to inter relate everything that wrote. For example, the tale of Pyramus and Thisbe couldRead MoreElizabethan Poetry Essay582 Words   |  3 Pagesand Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1517-47) made valuable contributions to this anthology. Wyatt transplanted the sonnet form from Italy to England.Both Wyatt and Surrey wrote sonnets based on the Petrarchan model, the form which immortalized by Shakespeare and Milton. They brought the theme romantic personal love in poetry to Britain. Surrey translated the Aeneid of Virgil into English. Edmond Spenser (1552-99) The publication of Spensers The Shepherds Calendar (1579) marked the beginningRead MoreSpeech Is The Effective Form Of A Culture972 Words   |  4 Pagesthe box be more creative it allows you the chance to speak and so does spoken word which is another form of poetry that I will discuss later in the essay. Poetry was very relevant during times like ancient Greece .If you mention the names Homer, Shakespeare and Sophocles then you will notice people are mostly familiar with those poets. Although the work they created was long ago they would still remember are known they are a famous figure in history. Even during their times they were know figures.Read MoreCharles Baudelaire And Victor Hugo976 Words   |  4 Pagesof poetic elaboration. His poems including the L Ame du Vin and Mort des Artistes are popular for the thematic basis of defining the pursuits of life and art. The English romantic poetry is dense and divided into two eras; William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Blake wrote in the first half of the romantic period and Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley and John Keats wrote in the second half. The Romantic Era is known for the development in poetry, from metaphysical approaches to theRead MoreHuman Identity Of Identity1170 Words   |  5 Pages† - Erik Erikson. This year in class we have read Night by Elie Wiesel, The Chocolate War by Robert Cormier, The Odyssey by Homer, Beowulf, Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, and Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare. All of these stories show how mankind’s identity has been shaped by family, power, and fear. Mankind’s identity has been shaped by family. This is evident in Night, The Odyssey, and Oedipus Rex. In Night, Elie Wiesel and his father are separated from his mother and his sisters. So they stayRead More Farce and Satire in Shakespeares Comedy of Errors Essays1156 Words   |  5 Pagesnot limited to the framing plot, though they often depend on it. In fact, what is serious and thought-provoking in the play is often the source of laughter, too. Usually the laughter comes first, and then, if were attentive, well notice that Shakespeare has given us something to think about. Let me offer some examples. First, the play treats with some seriousness issues related to marriage: jealousy, loyalty, love, misunderstanding, the need for patience, the troubles of the marriage-bed

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Feminism in Medea by Euripides Essay - 1000 Words

Feminism in Medea by Euripides The play Medea by Euripides challenges the dominant views of femininity in the patriarchal society of the Greeks. While pursuing her ambition Medea disregards many of the feminine stereotypes/ characteristics of the patriarchal Greek society. She questions the inequality of women in a patriarchal society, contradicts Jason?s chauvinist beliefs, challenges the stereotype that women are weak and passive and completely disregards the feminine role of motherhood. Feminism is the belief that women and men are, and have been, treated differently by society, and that women have frequently and systematically been unable to participate fully in all social arenas and institutions. This belief is confirmed in†¦show more content†¦Then she was transferred to the home of her husband where she was to fulfill her principal function, the bearing and rearing children. Medea shows the inequality of women in Greek society. The betrayal of Medea by Jason through h is marriage to another woman enrages Medea. She begins to question the role and position of women in a patriarchal society. Are we women not the wretchedness? We scratch and save a dowry to buy a man?Our lives depends on how his lordship feels. For better for worse we can?t divorce him.(p.8, Medea). However, a husband tired of domesticity, Goes out sees friends and enjoys himself?.(p.8and 9, Medea). Medea compares the virtual slavery of women to the absolute freedom of men, showing the inequality and disempowerment of women in society at that time. Jason?s chauvinist beliefs are put under the microscope. Jason airs his views about what all women want: If they?re (women) happy in bed, they?re happy everywhere. By comparing Medea?s pure feminism to Jason?s selfish chauvinism, Euripides brokers sympathy and support for feminism from the audience. Medea questions the firmly held belief in Greek society that women are weak and passive. Wanting revenge on Jason for his betrayal of her, Medea must take control of the situation, a stereotypical masculine quality. Though she cannot become a man or take power like a man, she perceives herShow MoreRelatedEssay on Feminism and its Role in Medea1048 Words   |  5 PagesIn Medea, by Euripides, conflicts play a major role in the creation of the play. Some examples of these conflicts are with Medea and Jason, Medea and herself, and Medea and Creon. Medea is shown to be a strong, independent woman who does what she wants as well as doesn’t let anything stand in her way. She shares qualities of a traditional male at the time, and the qualities of a traditional female. Euripides makes this clear in the play by creating conflicts to prove women can be a powerful characterRead MoreAs A Society, We Are Being Continuously Taught Not To Stray1506 Words   |  7 Pagesroles that exi sted. Throughout Euripides’ Medea, the audience and readers are shown the consequences that said gender roles create. They are a part of history that may never be overcome, as developed in the play. Gender roles may never be overcome in society, nevertheless it is important to remember that they do not define a person, let alone decide their fortune. Equality should not be perceived as an opinion, but as a right. By performing a feminist reading of Medea, it is evident that the main characterRead MoreThe Mythology Of The Greek Society1603 Words   |  7 Pagesconcept of centering a story around a woman. Yet despite living in this society as described, Greek playwright Euripides was the first voice of protofeminism in the Athenian society. His play Medea was the first historical piece that recounted the plight of a women through an actual female protagonist. This was unheard of and almost revolutionary until the Elizabethan era. Though Euripides’ lived in a dangerously powerful misogynistic society, his writing presented a sympathetic portrayal of femalesRead MoreFeminist Theory : The Beginnings Of Feminism1571 Words   |  7 Pages The Beginnings of Feminism â€Å"Feminist theory is an attempt to bring in views from the movement and other female experiences along with research and data information to create new ways to putting an end to female oppression (Kolmar and Bartkowski 12).† Women of all time periods use feminist theory to collaborate together on their real life experiences to come up with ways to make women apart of everyday life. Throughout the different time periods, women have gained more and more power into societyRead MoreEuripides : Feminism Vs Misogynist 1422 Words   |  6 Pages2015 Euripides: Proto Feminism Vs Misogynist At the time of writing Medea in ancient Greece it was the complete norm for men to be incredibly misogynistic sexist, and although there are many that say otherwise, Euripides falls under the same category as the men of the time. Scholars, professors, and students alike proclaim that Euripides was one of the first few men who would be considered a feminist, a â€Å"champion of woman’s equality† (Wright 7), because of his writing of Medea, a playRead MoreMedea the Feminist Essay1328 Words   |  6 PagesThe role of women in Greek society is a major theme in Euripides’ Medea. In ancient Greek society, women are frail and submissive according to men, and their social status is considered very inferior. Feminism is the theory of men being treated differently than women and the male dominance over women in society. Because of Jason’s betrayal of Medea, she is a challenge to the traditional views of ancient Greek society based on her actions. She w onders about the differences between the treatmentRead MoreMedeo is a Play Based on the Myth of Jason and Medea Written by Euripides1248 Words   |  5 PagesMedea is a play based on the myth of Jason and Medea written by Euripides. The play involves the love between two mythical characters: Jason and Medea. The play reaches its climax when Medea is betrayed by Jason when he choses another woman for her youthful beauty. Euripides is able to involve the audience by using dramatic scenery on how Medea choses to respond to this theatrical situation according to the patriarchal culture she lives in. Furthermore, the analysis focuses upon the system of masculinityRead MoreMedea Plot Analysis1392 Words   |  6 PagesMedea is an ancient Greek tragedy play written by Euripides. The play bases itself on the ancient myth of Jason and Medea. The plays plot centers itself on the actions of Medea who was the Barbarians former prince who seeks revenge against Jason who betrayed her with anothe r woman. Considered as one the best work produced by Euripides, the play has earned the writer several awards including the Dionysian festival awards in 431BCE (Williamson 1) Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to discussRead More Medea, by Euripides - Constructing Medea’s Compelling Persona1194 Words   |  5 PagesMedea, by Euripides - Constructing Medea’s Compelling Persona In the play Medea, by Euripides, many techniques are incorporated to augment the compelling persona of the protagonist, Medea. She has an overpowering presence, which is fashioned through the use of imagery, offstage action and language. Dramatic suspense, employment of the chorus and Deus Ex Machina also serve to enhance the intense persona assumed by Medea. Medea is frequently associated with images of violence and rage. â€Å"She’sRead MoreMedea As A Feminist Hero1378 Words   |  6 PagesIn Euripides, Medea is portrayed as a feminist hero. In a society where men are clearly the dominant figure, Medea stood her ground and allowed no man to change her views. The society stereotype where men are the more powerful, dominant gender was definitely prevalent and recognized in Ancient Greece at the time. Women living in this society were discriminated against daily and were looked at as less important. Medea was a play meant to show the unequal treatment of women in Greek society during

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Theory Of Perception Of The Existence Of God - 1520 Words

In Principles of Human Knowledge, Berkeley posits the doctrine of idealism largely in response to the theory of perception connected to representationalism. While the representationalist would agree that only sensory ideas can be immediately perceived, Berkeley s view dramatically differs from representationalism in that he denies the existence of material objects and, consequently, the causal role they are presumed to hold in producing sensations (Heide 15 Sept). Berkeley takes this immaterialist position to undoubtedly prove the existence of God while attributing to him a properly significant causal relationship to sensible ideas. It will be appropriate to assume that immaterialism is true, as his argument for God s role in the†¦show more content†¦An idea is dependent on the mind of the perceiver, meaning that all components of that idea must be perceivable by nature. The idea, the perceived, is distinct from the perceiver in that there is no â€Å"power† or  "agency† existing in it. Since â€Å"it is impossible for an idea to do anything, or, strictly speaking, to be the cause of anything: neither can it be the resemblance or pattern of any active being† (34; sec. 25). Berkeley s argument here is simple, yet highly intuitive. It makes little sense to claim that something mind-dependent could contain anything, like agency, that could escape the perception of the mind! If there was agency in an idea, it would be a clearly perceivable aspect of it, and surely ideas cannot do anything and perform actions, being fundamentally different than minds. Evidently something causes sensations, as Berkeley points out they are constantly appearing, altering and ceasing to be. If physical objects are nonexistent, and ideas cannot be causally active, he insists that â€Å"incorporeal active substance or spirit† is all that remains (35; sec. 26). Spirit is defined as unified, possessing two powers: the understanding and the will, the first which â€Å"perceives ideas† while the second â€Å"produces and otherwise operates about them† (35; sec. 27). Berkeley examines his own spirit as the next contender for the cause of his sensible ideas, rejecting this proposal on the basis that he does not bring about

Chicano Studies Paper Free Essays

The United States, a place associated with hope, equal opportunity and freedom also faces many underlying issues. The idea of this â€Å"perfect† country has been corrupted with problems such as immigration, growing class division and most prominently the 2007 recession. These burdens have prevented people from living the â€Å"American Dream†, a concept that our country has over glorified. We will write a custom essay sample on Chicano Studies Paper or any similar topic only for you Order Now The root of these ongoing problems has not been properly addressed, preventing our nation from making any progress. Looking closely at the continuous problems that the Unites States has and still faces, it is viable to say that these issues revolve around capitalism. The novel, The Barbarian Nurseries by Hector Tobar illustrates how immigrants like Araceli are victimized due to unresolved issues with money and the recession. When Araceli is prosecuted for abusing and kidnapping the Torres-Thompson children, the case eventually transitions into an issue with immigration. As the case gains media attention people like Ian Goller and Janet Bryson express resentment toward Araceli. Within Araceli, Goller and Bryson saw a representation of immigrants, who in their mind were to blame for the issues that had erupted in â€Å"their† country, such as the everlasting recession. Janet Bryson exemplifies this anger and bitterness when she boldly states: â€Å"To those who want to point out how much these illegal immigrants [†¦] contribute to their society [.. ] Look at our full prisons, our higher insurance rates, our lowering education standards†(325). Bryson and Goller’s actions symbolize the result of capitalism, the true villain within the novel. Capitalism has never been fully recognized as the true cause for many of the problems the U. S has faced causing immigrants like Araceli to be used as scapegoats for issues they had little influence in causing. As a result, capitalism can be seen as the barbarian in the novel, which in turn leads to barbaric actions on behalf of people like Goller and Bryson, against immigrants like Araceli who are innocently trying to secure a better life for themselves in the United States. I personally found it appalling that even after Araceli was found innocent for harming and kidnapping of the Thompson kids, Goller had the audacity to try and prosecute and deport Araceli: â€Å"Your honor before you adjourn, [.. ] there is also the matter of the defendant’s immigration status† (408). These never ending accusations that immigrants have to carry, prevent them from reaching that better life that they work so hard to one day achieve in the Unites States. In the end Araceli is unjustly forced to escape and essentially start a new life from scratch due to the negative associations that an immigrant label carriers. In the film A Better Life, capitalism is also a hidden factor to many of the conflicts that are portrayed throughout the film. The film depicts Carlos, a hardworking immigrant worker striving to do all he possibly can to create a better life for him and his son. This proves to be easier said than done as Carlos’ continuous efforts backfire and he ends up getting deported. The driving force behind his inability to reach the better life he so desperately desires is capitalism. Passion and motivation can be seen within Carlos’ optimism and spirit when he says: â€Å"This country is a land of dreams, it can be a hard place, a cruel place, but it’s where I work and I dream for a better place for my son†. Unfortunately his drive is not enough to move up economically which is the key to sustaining a better living. Even when hope is created through the purchase of a truck, his gateway to living the American dream is quickly shattered when his truck is stolen by Santiago, another immigrant worker. The injustice that he had faced when getting his truck stolen led me to resent Santiago, but I later realized that he was going through his own hardships in trying to live out his own American Dream. The darkness of capitalism had led him to a desperate barbaric action, emphasizing the want for a better life as a universal battle. Capitalism further acts as a catalyst in the film as seen through Carlos unstable living in a run down neighborhood, preventing his son Luis from getting getting the proper education he deserves and needs to accomplish a better future. The probability of his son ending up in the same oppressive situation as him becomes very probable, causing doubts of the possibility of ever reaching success. This never ending cycle of constant input with no output leads to the devastating realization that this idea of a better life may be unattainable. This understanding is described by Celo who chose to face the reality of his limited opportunities by joining a gang: â€Å"They either lock us out or lock us up†. This makes me stop and realize that there is a reason behind all of the â€Å"bad† decisions that people make, sometimes it’s becomes their only option. At the end of the film, a better life is not achieved by Carlos, instead he is seen in the desert trying to cross the border, back to the same place that he had started, making one wonder if a better life is even reachable. The 2007 recession, a result of capitalism has also had a personal impact on my family’s lives. Before the recession, my family lived a pretty stable life in a beautiful home that my parents had worked so hard to provide for us. When the recession struck its effects took a toll on my family for several years to come. Around 2009 my mom was laid off from her teaching position, leaving her jobless for over a year. During this time all of the financial responsibilities for the house were left to my dad who did not gain much income as a truck driver. Without any financial help from my mom, money became a huge issue for my family. Letting go of certain luxuries, such as going out to eat frequently and shopping for new gadgets whenever we pleased became difficult. As payments for the house became more complicated to pay, my parents also started drifting apart. Eventually my dad was unable to make the payments for the house causing us to lose our home as well as deal with the eventual separation of my parents. All of these events led back to the recession which has definitely taken us off the path from living the better life that my parents worked so hard to achieve. Looking back at the successes that my parents have achieved only to be beaten down by the devious recession, I strive to rebuild that â€Å"better life† that we once had, full of unity, happiness, and achievement. Due to these burdens, several years later my family is still dealing with the consequences of an issue that has yet to be dealt with efficiently by the United States. Reaching a better life has become more difficult due to the Unites States’ inability to address a problem that has been plaguing our nation over and over again. This capitalist issue has shattered many hopes and dreams that many hoped to achieve. Life should not be based on lost aspirations but on anticipation for a successful future. Through the text, the novel and my personal experience our nation’s issue with capitalism can be seen as an unchanging factor in our society in both the past and present. Due to our nation’s failure in providing a solution for the problems that capitalism has ensued, its negative effects have come up time and time again. During the 1930’s the Unites States faced an economic depression resulting in a very high unemployment rate. In order to deflect the nation away from the issues the nation was facing, immigrants were targeted for the country’s falling out. The justification for these unjust actions is portrayed in the reader stating that â€Å"The deportation of more Mexicans meant more jobs for real Americans† (147). These unreasonable initiatives that the nation took in order to draw attention away from United State’s real issues, appear to be very similar to the actions taken by the nation in today’s recession. It is due to these continued patterns that reaching for a more stable, successful life has become difficult not only for immigrants but for everyone in the United States trying to make something of themselves. As Sunny Patterson states in her poem, â€Å"Money and power and greed, the game. They suck and devour the souls of the slain†. Patterson highlights how our societies corrupted desire for money and control has selfishly left the rest of the population thirsting for the day they will be able to rebuild the path toward their desired life. It is for these reasons that I believe that our nation is still in the â€Å"dessert† as Patterson suggests, facing the same unresolved problems that have progressively lead to high unemployment, rising tuition for educations, higher costs of living and so on. A positive initiative needs to be taken in order to prevent our nations from getting even worse than it already is. Martin Luther King proposes a solution to this problem when he states: â€Å"We must rapidly begin the shift from a thing oriented society to a person oriented society† (A Time to Break Silence). He suggests that a shift needs to be made from individualistic selfish needs to a population coming together and conquering the nation’s issues in unison. This idea is also suggested by Patterson after addressing all of the abominations that the Unites States has yet to address when she states: â€Å"But come, come children, rally around and maybe together we can make a sound that will shake the trees or rattle the ground†. This simple change of coming together to change a cause is an effortless act that can bring just the right push to in bringing a positive change to our nation. This small yet useful act can be used as a way to express common concerns within a population to bring about the urgently needed change that we need in our nation. It is only through this radical change as King speaks out about that our nation will finally get out of the all too familiar desert that we have revisited over and over again. How to cite Chicano Studies Paper, Essay examples

Business Research Proposal Culture in a Company

Question: Discuss about the Business Research Proposal for Culture in a Company. Answer: Introduction The word culture can be defined in many ways, however, the definition depends on what the person is defining such as culture in a company or branch or country. According to the anthropologists of Australia, culture can be defined as everything that a human acts, thinks and owns. This is inclusive of thinking, pattern and things. According to Rugman and Hodgett culture means acquired knowledge that people use to explain and understand and generate social behavior. This means that members of a society, organization and group can share culture. It has been surveyed that the Australians make a consumption of three kilograms coffee per year, which is higher marginally than the tea-obsessed territory of United Kingdom. The annual consumption of Australia lags behind the consumption of New Zealand where the consumption is 3.4 Kilograms and lags behind the tea consumption rate of Japan and United States where the rate of consumption is 3.3 kilogram and 4.2 Kilograms respectively (Hawthorne, 2016). The literature review shall contain a detailed account of the existing and developing coffee culture in Australia. History of Coffee Culture in Australia The affinity of the Australians towards coffee emerged around the middle of the 20th century and for that, the credit goes to the espresso cafes that are independent in the territory of Melbourne. A greater number of Greeks and Italians made the migration to Melbourne and Australia after the Second World War (McCants Anne, 2008). The Australian Italians made the migration to Melbourne between the period of 1880 and 1924 that followed the development of piston-driven machine that is espresso, by Achille Gaggia in the year of 1945. The coffee culture in Australia bloomed in the territory of Melbourne in the year of 1956 when Australia hosted the Olympic Games. It is generally believed that the Italians made the introduction of espresso shots in Australia that served and made the introduction of the coffee culture in Australia (Dykins, 2013). New Wave of Culture of Coffee in Australia In the coffee culture of Australia, several new dimensions emerged recently. The reason for the growth of this concept is because the competition between the coffee sellers are getting tough. Recently, New Zealand and Australia has proven their power in relation to coffee. In the year of 2015, as per the demand of the majority of the population, Starbucks engaged into the launching of the version of Australian coffee that is the drink based on espresso, which is flat white having two ristretto shot along with little art and whole milk steamed. In Australia, the new habits of the people towards the consumption of coffee are also a new dimension of coffee culture. The Australian people were inclined to coffee in the earlier days and that demand for coffee has increased in the recent times significantly. The service model of Chainlet is based upon the cafes that render the definition of the excellent scene of coffee. In simpler terms it means along with having great version of coffee, a person could also come for having brekkie, which means breakfast. The table services that are rendered by Stowaway and Bluestone Lane are confusion sometimes to the customers regarding the fact whether the shop is a dinner or restaurant or coffee shop (Cafes coffee shops in Australia2011). Growing Rate of Coffee in Australia: In the streets of Melbourne and Sydney, the people can get the sight of better quality machines that are espresso in majority part of those streets. By getting such view, it is evident that the coffee culture possesses a long path to travel in the territory of Australia. There is a tremendous capacity that is borne by Australia for the growth of coffee culture in future (Gibbs Worth, 2012). Keeping the growth rate of coffee in mind in the future, the owners of the coffee shops in Australia are planning to make the launching of their own brands that is related to coffee. It is evident that the Australians consider coffee culture very seriously. However, it is evident that Starbucks that dominates the business of coffee all over the world, but failed to take the hold of the Australian market. It is evident from the fact that Starbucks made the opening of 84 locations of coffee in Australia in 2008, out of which 61 were closed down (Janssens et al., 2012). The reason for this fall down is that the coffee that is rendered by the little coffee cafes in Australia are very good and Starbucks could not compete with them. Changes in Coffee Culture of Australia: The first espresso bar came to Australia in the 40th but the real rise of coffee came in the year 1993 approximately when the first coffee shop was opened in Sydney. Today Sydney has more than 100 coffee shops and the most popular coffee in Australia is espresso. The traditional Australian grounded coffee is already popular in the Australian coffee shops. The caffe latte has also become a way of evaluating the worlds exchange rate that can be transferred into purchasing power. It is measured in a big cup of latte at Starbucks which now exists in over more than 40 countries of the world. In Australia, the most popular drink to order on a first date is cappuccino. This is the most popular drink in Australia. Emergence of New Brands of Australian Coffee: The Italian immigrant population influences the coffee culture of Australia. One of the best things that they bought with them is their love for coffee and one may find one of the best coffees in Sydney. Recently, there has been a boom of local cafes in the city. Some of the best coffee in the city is Campos Coffee, Toby Estate and Single Origin. Any caf that serves any of this brand then the person will surely get a good cup of coffee. However, due to the influence of Italian Coffee culture in Australia, Italian brands are also available in Australia such as Lavazza and Segafredo Zanetti. The coffee dcor of Australia is very popular as they were the ones who introduced the flat white to the mix of coffee before serving it to the customers. The sizes of coffee mugs in Australia depend on the preferences of the customers (Khamis, 2009). If a person orders for a tall skinny latte black in America then he will surely order a latte double shot in Australia. The barista may, on their own, customize the ordered coffee to doppio or a double shot; hence, if a person is a vivid coffee drinker, he or she should be specific about their preferences. Demand of Fair Trade: As per the recent trend that is noted amongst the Australians is that they are more focused towards fair work of the laborers as it was seen that they are mostly oppressed with the kind of working conditions that prevail in the coffee fields. The coffee lovers of Australia restrict themselves from having such coffee that come from laborers who are oppressed at the field. In Australia, coffee shops are opened based on fair trade and it was seen that the coffee lovers of Australia appreciate such coffee shops more. The primary dimension that emerged in the coffee culture of Australia is the recent time is the concept of fair trade in coffee culture (Barista: Hot drinks coffee culture, 2004). In 2006 many branded coffee was launched in Australia that was certified by fair trade. For example, in the year 2006 the formation of the Waynes coffee shop was the first shop that can be remembered as fair trade coffee shop in Australia. Increase in the competition: Today a coffee chain is visible at every place in Australia. This is because of the growing popularity of coffee in Australia. The coffee shop is well established in Australia and there is still scope of development of coffee in Australia. Many championships take place in Australia and this increases demand of coffee culture in Australia. Australian Coffee is the Best in the World: Australians consider themselves as serious coffee snobs. Australia is considered as a land of coffee obsessive and a country that is free to accept caffeinated cultural cringe. There is probably no other country, like Australia that is as serious and snobbish as they are for coffee. Australians do not follow any particular type of tradition for coffee culture, they follow coffee culture freely and they have explored from Italian coffee style until Vietnamese style coffee with sweet milk. Australians are non-judgmental about the style of drinking coffee as long as it tastes good. Australians can recognize bad coffee and this is the reason why Starbucks could not be very popular in Australia, as according to Australians it lacked in originality and taste. In all other countries, Starbucks was very popular and now it is considered as one of the biggest international chain in the world (Vaidhyanathan, 2007). Australians feel incredibly painful when it comes to coffee, like how an America n feels bad about lack of burgers and fries in Thailand, or tourists who are English by nationality but go to a Spanish restaurant for eating curry chips. The reason behind this is that when Australians travel, they expect the coffee to be as good as the homemade coffee (Watson Forrest, 2012). Conclusion: Conclusively, it may be stated that Australians are a firm believer of coffee culture and coffee ethics. They follow a typical structure and style for consumption of coffee. It is the obsession of Australians for coffee, which gives them a status of avid coffee drinker. Australians are termed as coffee connoisseurs; the reason behind this is that in Australia coffee is considered as something more than just a brew coupled with quality and quantity. Coffee has now become an important part of fashion, trend and other aspects in Australia. There is no fixed target group for assessing coffee culture in Australia, as the emerging coffee culture in Australia seems to be attracting target population of all kinds and of all ages. Reference List Barista: Hot drinks coffee culture. (2004).Barista, Cafes coffee shops in Australia(2011). Dykins, R. (2013). The bean scene: London's coffee culture is evolving so fast that our taste buds can barely keep up.Business Traveller,, 58. Gibbs, P., Worth, H. (2012). 'eat coffee candy and die': Sex, death and huli funerals.Sexual Health,9(5), 497-498. Hawthorne, M. (2016). Instant gratification - the myth of Australia's coffee culture. The Sydney Morning Herald. Janssens, C., Hammond, C., Hofman, B., Grabe, H. J., Hottenga, J. J., Kiemeney, B.. . kConFab Investigators. (2012;2011;). Genome-wide association analysis of coffee drinking suggests association with CYP1A1/CYP1A2 and NRCAM.Molecular Psychiatry,17(11), 1116-1129. doi:10.1038/mp.2011.101 Jolliffe, L. (2010).Coffee culture, destinations and tourism. GB: Channel View Books. Khamis, S. (2009). It only takes a jiffy to make: Nestl, australia and the convenience of instant coffee.Food, Culture Society,12(2). McCants, Anne. E.C (2008). Poor Consumers as Global Consumers : The diffusion of tea and coffee drinking in eighteen century. Economic History Review (vol1) p172-200 Tourism and cultural change: Coffee culture, destinations and tourism(2010). Channel View Publications. Vaidhyanathan, S. (2007). The anarchist in the coffee house: A brief consideration of local culture, the free culture movement, and prospects for a global public sphere.Law and Contemporary Problems,70(2), 205-210. Watson, A., Forrest, D. (2012). The bands culture in victoria, australia : Live music benefits career paths, employment and community.Australian Journal of Music Education,(2), 71-81.

Friday, May 1, 2020

Describing the WSQ Framework †

Question: Discuss about the Describing the WSQ Framework. Answer: Introduction The Singapore government has taken initiative in enhancing the skills of the Singaporean population by emphasizing on the educational and training needs. Additionally, the Workforce Singapore Agency emphasizes on the job issues and employability of the population. The WSQ framework and VUCA Environment was developed in order to enhance the jobs and employment of the population by providing adequate training and development. The report describes the WSQ framework and the VUCA Environment along with establishing and describing the relationship between WSQ framework and VUCA Environment. The WSQ framework and the VUCA Environment were developed by considering the job issues and employment encountered by the population of Singapore. Describing the WSQ framework The WSQ framework stands for Workforce Skills Qualification of Singapore are considered as a national credentialing system based on the standards developed and validated by WDA (Workforce Development Agency) in collaboration with the Industry Skills and Training Councils (ISTCs). The WSQ frameworks are currently categorized in 34 frameworks that eventually cover a wide range of industries (Harris Ramos, 2012). The WSQ qualifications are divided into six levels. The six levels of WSQ framework includes: WSQ Graduate Diploma/Graduate Certificate WSQ Specialist Diploma WSQ Diploma WSQ Advanced Certificate WSQ Higher Certificate WSQ Certificate The use of WSQ framework for the Singaporean population will provide an opportunity for the government and the business organizations to improve the employee productivity along with reducing the employee turnover. Additionally, the WSQ framework also allows the business organizations to train the employees for retention thereby, adding flexibility to the organizational operation (Sung et al., 2013). Description of the VUCA Environment The VUCA Environment stands for volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity that signify the various implications for the employees. The VUCA Environment is described as: Volatility: In an unpredictable manner, lack of stability and change is liable to occur suddenly. The unpredictability is highly influenced by the reach of the change along with the speed, nature and the magnitude of the change. The potential factors determining the volatility of the business includes connectivity, global competition, trade liberalization and the use of the innovative business model. Uncertainty: The uncertainty refers to the lack of predictability of the events and events. As the forecasts based on the previous experiences and understanding lack adequate reliability, resource allocation and decision-making is extremely challenging. Thus, there is a possibility of a myriad alternative (Cummings Worley, 2014). Complexity: The problems identified are increasingly wicked as they are improperly defined due to numerous difficult to understand situations and more than one conceivable solution. The complexity results in uncertain predications thereby, resulting in the range of outcomes such as near impossible to establish casualty. However, on the contrary, voluminous inter-related factors would converge to the expected result in a complicated situation. Ambiguity: Ambiguity is defined as the lack of clarity regarding the meaning of an event or decision that lacks the causes and factors immediately. The Wh questions are difficult to answer thereby, making it difficult to ascertain the proposed answers. Ambiguity also lacks the ability to recognize and codifying the threats and opportunities accurately (Bennett Lemoine, 2014). Relationship between WSQ framework and VUCA Environment The relationship between WSQ framework and VUCA Environment is positive, WSQ framework deals with the certifications given to the employees based on the skills and expertise the employees develop with time. The skills and expertise certified under WSQ framework help the employees professionally. However, with the employees and their responsibilities comes the lack of stability, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity. In order to handle the complexities and challenges faced by the employees, the WSQ framework is essential. The WSQ framework thereby helps the employees in developing the required skills and expertise in terms of the job requirement with appropriate certification (Kramer, 2016). Conclusion In this report, it can be concluded that both WSQ framework and VUCA Environment plays a significant role in determining the employability of the Singaporean population. The initiative was undertaken by the Singapore government in order to drive Singapores next phase of development towards an advanced economy and inclusive society. References Bennett, N., Lemoine, G. J. (2014). What a difference a word makes: Understanding threats to performance in a VUCA world. Business Horizons, 57(3), 311-317. Cummings, T. G., Worley, C. G. (2014). Organization development and change. Cengage learning. Harris, R., Ramos, C. R. (2012). The one less travelled: adult learners moving from the academic sector to the vocational sector in Singapore and Australia. Journal of Vocational Education Training, 64(4), 387-402. Krmer, A. (2016). Pricing in a VUCA world: How to optimize prices, if the economic, social and legal framework changes rapidly. In Managing in a VUCA world (pp. 115-128). Springer International Publishing. Sung, J., Ng, M. C. M., Loke, F., Ramos, C. (2013). The nature of employability skills: empirical evidence from Singapore. International Journal of Training and Development, 17(3), 176-193.